Freedom has an entirely different meaning in the Middle East mainly because of the several problems that the region experienced in the present times. Complete lack of human rights, freedom, gender inequality, education, and unemployment are some important problems that have destroyed the political scenario of the Middle East. Recent uprisings across the Middle East stand proof of the fact that the society here is demanding its basic rights and it will not allow the state to overrule any further. The most uplifting and surprising image is that of women taking an interest in politics in the Middle East.
Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Bahrain, Iran, Libya and Tunisia – you just name the different regions that make the Middle East, and you will find women present in the politics of that region. The active role being played by women in Middle East politics has been positively depicted by international media. This has further empowered the Middle Eastern women to have a significant influence on the politics of this region. Times have greatly changed, and they have changed for good. Previously, women’s opinions and voices were silenced under the burka and the Hijab making the role of the Middle Eastern women unclear and vague. It is only with the proper support coming from media that the image of the Middle Eastern women has been completely cleared up and altered for the outsiders. Now women in the Middle East have an effective role to play in the political arena of the region. This is something that is changing the face of politics in the Middle East.
The Political Scenario of the Middle East
The Middle East has gone through massive chance every since 9/11 right from the occupation and invasion of Iraq to the Arab Spring events. Having a clear idea of Middle East politics is about getting answers to the questions of political reform and democratization in this region. A study of Middle East politics covers:
- Authoritarianism in Algeria, Syria, and Egypt
- Historical legacies
- World War I
- The Ottoman Empire
- Cold War and Colonialism
- Islamist politics and Nationalism
- The political changes taking place in Iran
- Oil politics in the Gulf States and Saudi Arabia
- Politics of oil in Israel
- A study of the Arab States and the Palestinians
- Intervention of Iraq and Afghanistan
- Recent uprisings in Arab Worlds
- Social movements, social media and the subject of human rights
The Future of Politics in the Middle East
However, it is worth noting that the political situation in the Middle East has rarely been as fluid as it is in the present times. The news events of the region are not challenging to understand though they appear in the form of a barrage. During early 2011, the heads of the states of Libya, Tunisia, and Egypt were put behind bars; Yemeni leader was pressurized to move aside, and the Syrian regime was found fighting desperately for survival. It is only because of such political events that the autocrats fear what the future might have in store for Middle East politics. Different foreign powers are closely watching These events.